What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease. Due to stress, sedentary lifestyle, heredity and other factors, the number of diabetic patients are increasing day-by-day. Infact, there are millions of diabetics and India is ranked at No.2 position all over the world. It develops as a result of the body’s non-ability to get enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone and the pancreas fails to generate enough insulin required by the body.
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is due to damage caused to the pancreas. In this case, the body's immune system starts to attack the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas.
Type 2 Diabetes: In case of Type 2 diabetes, the body stops responding to insulin. The pancreas produces more insulin and the liver starts releasing extra glucose. It leads to an increase in insulin resistance in the body. This type of diabetes is linked to age factor, family history and obesity.
Various symptoms of diabetes include Frequent urination, Thirst, Weight loss, Polyuria, Lethargy, Fatigue and Muscular weakness.
Foods to Eat and Not to Eat:
There a number of foods that may increase or decrease the chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes. The consumption of processed meat, soda, unprocessed red meat and white rice can increase the chances of getting diabetes. On the other hand, green vegetables, apples, pears, whole grains, nuts, coffee and low fat dairy foods can certainly decrease the chances of getting Type 2 Diabetes. It is always recommended to follow a diet plan, or diabetic foods as prescribed by your Nutritionist.
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List of Foods for Diabetics:
1. Bitter melon: Bitter melon is also known as bitter gourd or karela (in India). It has long been used as herbal supplement for various ailments, including Type 2 diabetes. It contains three active substances that possess anti-diabetic properties. Charantin has a blood glucose-lowering effect, while vicine and polypeptide-p help to reduce blood sugar levels.
2. Garlic: Garlic helps to control high levels of C-reactive protein & adenosine deaminase in case of diabetes. Both C-reactive protein and adenosine deaminase are linked to complications in patients with diabetes.
3. Oats: A diet rich in whole grains and high-fiber foods helps to reduce the risk of diabetes. The heart-healthy oatmeal is packed with soluble fiber. It slows the absorption of glucose from food and keeps blood-sugar levels under control.
4. Green Tea: Green Tea is very beneficial in the treatment of diabetes. It stimulates the production of insulin. It helps in normalizing the levels of blood sugar in the body.
5. Apples: Apples contain soluble fiber pectin, which is beneficial for diabetic patients. Apples are good for controlling blood sugar. It helps to regulate blood sugar and bowel function. It also possesses anti-inflammatory properties that help diabetics to recover from various infections.